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Center for Sports and Management

Welcome to the future of sports.

Our team

The Center for Sports and Management –
Meet the team.

Professor Dr. Sascha L. Schmidt
Director and Chairholder

+49 (0)211 44709 740
Send email
LinkedIn
Find out more about Sascha

Asst. Professor Dominik Schreyer
Associate Director CSM

+49 (0)211 44709 743
Send email
LinkedIn
Find out more about Dominik

Maria Dahl
Team Assistance

+49 (0)211 44709 741
Send email

Find out more about Maria

Kerstin Forword
Project Manager

+49 (0)211 44709 746
Send email

Find out more about Kerstin

Daniel Beiderbeck
Doctoral Student

+49 (0)211 44709 756
Send email

Find out more about Daniel

Nicolas Frevel
Doctoral Student

+49 211 44709 755
Send email

Find out more about Nicolas

Sebastian Koppers
Doctoral Student

+49 (0)211 44709 744

Send email

Find out more about Sebastian

Harry Krüger
Doctoral Student

+49 (0)211 44709 747
Send email

Find out more about Harry

External Doctoral Students


Several external doctoral students are currently writing their dissertations at the Center for Sports and Management

Find out more about them here

Alumni of Prof. Schmidt


Many of our Almuni find their way into the sports business after their dissertation. 

Find out more about our Alumni

CSM news

Read the news from the CSM –
Keep up with the latest events and activities.

On Friday, December 6, Dirk Nowitzki visited WHU on the Düsseldorf campus together with his sister, his Personal Representative and his foundation team.

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The digital transformation offers Bundesliga clubs significant opportunities, but also presents them with considerable challenges.

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The case study "Dirk Nowitzki: Changing the Game" was taught for the first time at Harvard Business School.

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Is Blockchain the next game changer? The sports business is still hesitating. Why is that? A guest article by WHU senior professor Sascha L. Schmidt for Sponsors explores this topic.

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What will sport and football look like in 2030? Professor Schmidt talked about it in an interview with the newspaper Bild.

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Are you interested in an internship and possibly subsequent in a career with a Bundesliga football club? The internship program is your chance.

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TSG Hoffenheim, DFL Deutsche Fußball Liga, the WHU and the MIT successfully organized the world's first MIT Sports Entrepreneurship Bootcamp in Germany.

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Topic Overview

DFL Magazin: MIT Bootcamp
08.11.2019 | DFL Magazin: Trendsetter

Focus: Tomorrow: Innovation
20.09.2019 | Focus: Tomorrow: Sport, industry and technology come together in the name of entrepreneurship

Deutschlandfunk: Zukunftsvisionen für den Sport
13.01.2019 | Dlf: Sportgespräch mit Prof. Schmidt

Deutschlandfunk: Puristen gegen Technikenthusiasten
13.01.2019 | Dlf: Der Sport am Scheideweg

Bild am Sonntag: Willkommen in der Zukunft des Sports
30.12.2018 | Bild am Sonntag: 10 Szenarien zur Zukunft des Sports

ARD Radio: Die Zukunft des Sports
14.12.2018 | Bayerischer Rundfunk: Sport im Jahr 2040

HBS Digital Initiative: Future of Sports
26.06.2018 | Digital Initiative: Beat the Robot

SPONSORs: Der Athlet der Zukunft
03.04.2018 | SPONSORs: Der Athlet der Zukunft

SPONSORs: Sportfan der Zukunft
02.03.2018 | SPONSORs: Der Sportfan der Zukunft

Westdeutsche Allgemeine Zeitung: Zukunft des Sports
14.02.2018 | WAZ: Der Ball bleibt rund, aber sonst?

SPONSORs: Der Proficlub der Zukunft
04.01.2018 | SPONSORs: Der Proficlub der Zukunft

Focus Online: Paralympics vs. Olympia
08.12.2017 | Focus Online: Hängen die Paralympics bald Olympia ab?

Focus Online: Neue Geschäftsfelder für die Bundesliga
24.07.2017 | FOCUS Online: Wird Ihre Bank bald zum Rivalen ihres Lieblingsclubs?

Manager Magazin: Fußball-Boom
15.07.2017 | Manager Magazin: Fußball-Boom - Wo sind wie Wachstumstreiber der Zukunft?

Die Welt: Crash Gefahr
 26.01.2017 | Die Welt: Scheffelt sich der Fußball in den Untergang? 

Welt am Sonntag: Sport-Vermarktung
23.01.2017 | Welt am Sonntag: Wer dabei sein will, muss zahlen

WAZ: Der Fußball der Zukunft hat viele Facetten
24.05.2016 | Westdeutsche Allgemeine Zeitung: Wie der Profifußball im Jahr 2025 aussehen könnte

Focus Online: Dominanz als Chance sehen
09.05.2016 | FOCUS Online: So können Bundesliga-Clubs auf den FC Bayern aufholen

Focus Online: Modernes Fußballmärchen
22.04.2016 | FOCUS Online: Wie kann Leicester City die Fortsetzung schaffen?

Die Welt: Neue Superliga?
17.03.2016 | Die Welt: "Der Fußball folgt nur den Marktgesetzen"

FAZ: Superliga über der Champions League?
15.03.2016 | Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung: Eine Superliga für die Fußballstars

HORIZONT: Sportbusiness Studie 2016
5/2016 | HORIZONT: Warum Ball und Rubel rollen werden

Manager Magazin: Hamburg und die Olympischen Spiele
16.11.2015 | Manager Magazin: Wie Hamburg um die Olympischen Spiele kämpft

SPONSORs: Unentschlossene mobilisieren
11/2015 | SPONSORs: Unentschlossene mobilisieren

Der Spiegel: Olympia-Bewerbung
34/2015 | Der Spiegel: Olympia-Bewerbung

Welt kompakt: Die Bundesliga bleibt unberechenbar
13.08.2015 | Welt kompakt: Die Bundesliga bleibt unberechenbar

Mehrwert: Chancen für das Marketing
01/2015 | Mehrwert: Die Zukunft von Sport, Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft als Chance für das Marketing

RP: Fußball wird digital
16.10.2014 | RP Online: Das Stadion der Zukunft

Die Welt: So schaut der Fan in Zukunft Fußball
08.10.2014| Die Welt: Bald sitzen die Zuschauer in den Stadien...

Welt am Sonntag: Schöne neue Fußballwelt
05.10.2014| Welt am Sonntag: Schöne neue Fußballwelt

SZ: Argumente für den Fußball
03.07.2014| Süddeutsche Zeitung: Glücksstifter

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Deutschlandfunk: Talentscouting
13.10.2019 | Deutschlandfunk: Mit Big Data zum Fußballprofi

Kicker: Digitale Transformation
01.10.2019 | Kicker: "Es geht für die Klubs darum, Gegensätze zu vereinen“

Focus Online: Technologie
26.09.2019 | Focus Online: Elektronische Pille soll Athleten vor Überhitzung schützen

Bild: Technologie
24.09.2019 | Bild: Fußball-Kick mit Daten-Brille

Deutschlandfunk: Technologie
24.08.2019 | Deutschlandfunk: Pille für die Hitze

Handelsblatt: Fußballrechte
13.03.2019 | Handelsblatt: Generation Z lässt die Bundesliga träumen

Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung: Generation Cyborgs
31.12.2018 | FAZ: Kommentar zum Sport im Wandel

Focus Online: Scouting der Zukunft
15.03.2018 | Focus Online: Wie Algorithmen die Zukunft des Scoutings verändern

Manager Magazin: Vorsicht vor den Post-Millennials
14.03.2018 | Manager Magazin: Vorsicht vor den Post-Millennials

ISPO: So ticken Fußball-Fans in China
02.03.2018 | ISPO: So ticken Fußball-Fans in China

China Soccer Observatory: The Chinese Soccer Consumer
02.03.2018 | CSO: Who is the Chinese soccer consumer and why do Chinese watch soccer?

Focus Online: Laufen dem Fußball die jungen Fans weg?
08.02.2018 | Focus Online: Sportbosse verstehen junge Fans nicht richtig

Manager Magazin: Sport oder Daddeln?
02.02.2018 | Manager Magazin: Der Kampf um die "Generation Z"

Die Welt: Dem Fußball gehen die jungen Fans flöten
26.01.2018 | Die Welt: „Post-Millennials“ interessieren sich mehr für Youtube und Spotify als für Fußball

Die Welt: Technologie
18.10.2017 | Die Welt: Kampfroboter können die Stars der Zukunft werden

SPONSORs: Podcast
06.07.2017 | SPONSORs: Podcast mit Prof. Schmidt

Digtator: Die digitale Zukunft des Profifußballs
29.06.2017 | Digtator.de: "Das Markenerlebnis hat sich in die digitale Arena verlagert"

Capital: Digitalisierung der Bundesliga
09.06.2017 | Capital: "Manche Clubs denken noch ziemlich analog"

Berliner Zeitung: Big Data & Co.
31.05.2017 | Berliner Zeitung: Wie die digitalen Entwicklungen den Profifußball verändern werden

Focus Online: Technik-Innovationen für die Bundesliga
02.03.2017 | Wie neue Daten-Technologien den Fußball erobern

SPONSORs: Kommentar zur Digitalisierung
12/2016 | SPONSORs: Wer zögert, verliert!

Focus Online: Technik-Revolution im Fußball
15.09.2016 | FOCUS Online: Schlucken Profis bald Sensoren vor dem Spiel?

Focus Online: Mensch vs. Maschine
15.07.2016 | FOCUS Online: Treten bei der Fußball-WM 2050 Roboter gegen Menschen an?

SPONSORs: Digitale Zukunft des Fußballs
2/2016 | SPONSORs: Die digitale Zukunft des Fußballs hat bereits begonnen

HORIZONT: Trends in der Sportvermarktung
5/2016 | HORIZONT: 4 digitale Trends in der Sportvermarktung

SWR: Digitale Zukunft des Fußballs
22.01.2016 | SWR Radio: Digitale Zukunft des Fußballs

Welt am Sonntag: Roboter auf dem Rasen
17.01.2016 | Welt am Sonntag: Roboter auf dem Rasen

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Sächsische Zeitung: Führungskräfte
09.09.2019 | Sächsische Zeitung: Warum Dynamo einen dritten Geschäftsführer will

Capital: Internationalisierung der Bundesliga
16.07.2019 | Capital: Wie die Fußball-Bundesliga den US-Markt erobern will

Sponsors: Personalmanagement
13.06.2019 | Sponsors: Personalmanagement in der Bundesliga

Manager Magazin: Neue Wege im Recruiting
09.03.2019 | Manager Magazin: Warum Spitzensportler gute Manager sind

Focus Online: Kehl, Hitzlsperger & Co.
07.03.2019 | Focus Online: Dieser Management-Trend der Bundesliga ist sinnvoll

Manager Magazin: Moneyball
15.10.2018 | Manager Magazin: Wie Billy Beane das Sportbusiness verändert hat

Die Welt: Kampf gegen Entfremdung
16.09.2018 | Die Welt: So wächst ein Bundesliga-Club, ohne seine Fans zu verprellen

Capital: "Die Bundesliga braucht neue Einnahmequellen"
13.09.2018 | Capital: "Die Bundesliga braucht neue Einnahmequellen"

Manager Magazin: Die Makroökonomie des Fußballs
20.08.2018 | Manager Magazin: Was Fußballvereine von Entwicklungsländern lernen können

SPONSORs Podcast: Die Reizthemen des Sportbusiness
30.07.2018 | SPONSORs Podcast: Prof. Schmidt über die Reizthemen des Sportbusiness

Focus Online: Ronaldo-Hype in Italien
30.07.2018 | Focus Online: Braucht die Bundesliga auch einen globalen Superstar?

Manager Magazin: Produziert Eure Stars selbst!
04.07.2018 | Manager Magazin: Was Unternehmen von Messi und Ronaldo lernen können

MatchplanMag: Was bedeutet das WM-Aus für Deutschland?
28.06.2018 | MatchplanMag: 5 Statements von Prof. Schmidt

Manager Magazin: Strategie der Nationalmannschaft
22.06.2018 | Manager Magazin: Was ein frühes WM-Aus strategisch bedeuten würde

Frankfurt Allgemeine Zeitung: Der Rubel rollt
16.06.2018 | FAZ: Unruhe in der Fußball-Branche

FRANCEINFO: Ligue 1 en Chine
17.03.2018 | FRANCEINFO: comment la France peut (enfin) rendre la Ligue 1 séduisante en Chine

Focus Online: Wachstumschancen in China
26.02.2018 | Focus Online: China bringt deutschen Fußball-Clubs ungeahntes Wachstum

CSO: How to be successful in the Chinese market
23.11.2017 | China Soccer Observatory: How to be successful in the Chinese market

kicker Sportmagazin: Startup-Investitionen
11.09.2017 | kicker Sportmagazin: Strategische Investitionen in Startups

Capital: FC Bayern in China
06.09.2017 | Capital: Wie der FC Bayern China erobern möchte

Sport1: Führungspersonen im Fußball-Business
09.08.2017 | Sport1: Bayerns heimliche Erfolgsstrategen

Stuttgarter Nachrichten: Sportchefs in der Bundesliga
01.08.2017 | Stuttgarter Nachrichten: Nicht nur der VfB will keine Ein-Mann-Show mehr

CSO: Bayern München in China
01.08.2017 | China Soccer Observatory: Bayern Munich's strategy To Enter The Chinese Market

Die Welt: Millionen-Business Profifußball
31.07.2017 | Die Welt: Millionen aus dem Bauch heraus

Manager Magazin: Umstrukturierung von Bundesliga-Clubs
14.10.2016 | Manager Magazin: Wie man einen Bundesliga-Club erfolgreich neu aufstellt

WDR: Klamme Kommunen
24.08.16 | WDR Fernsehen: Warum klamme Kommunen Fußballclubs finanzieren

Focus Online: Krieg der Talente
20.08.2016 | FOCUS Online: Bundesligisten konkurrieren mit Google & Co.

SPONSORs: Strukturiert Euch besser
08/2016 | SPONSORs: Struktur kaschiert keine Defizite

Capital: Achtung, Erfolgsfalle!
01.06.2016 | Capital: Wie das DFB-Team oben bleiben will

SPONSORs: Millennials richtig führen
06/2016 | SPONSORs: Leadership für die jungen Wilden

Handelsblatt: Sportbusiness-Kurse helfen Profiathleten
31.05.2016 | Handelsblatt: Nach dem Training: BWL

Focus Online: Die Trainerwahl im Fußball 
22.04.2016 | FOCUS Online: Bundesliga-Clubs können von DAX-Konzernen lernen

SZ: Einstiegsmöglichkeiten für Sportler
06.02.2016 | Süddeutsche Zeitung: Diszipliniert, engagiert, mental stark

Bundesliga-Magazin: Spitzenfußball für Überraschungen gut
01/2016 | Bundesliga-Magazin: Schwer berechenbar

Handelsblatt: Die zweite Halbzeit
22.12.2015 | Handelsblatt: Das Leben nach dem Sport

Bundesliga-Magazin: Bildung boomt
10/2015 | Bundesliga-Magazin: Proficlubs setzen auf Kooperationen mit Hochschulen

Die Welt: Die neue Bildungselite
12.09.2015 | Die Welt: Die neue Bildungselite der Fußball-Bundesliga

SPONSORs: Karriere im Sportbusiness
08/2015 | SPONSORS: Karriere im Sportbusiness

Capital: Der neue Goldstandard
19.01.2015 | Capital: Der neue Goldstandard

Die Zeit: Rechnen statt rennen'
18.10.2014 | Zeit Online: Rechnen statt rennen

THE WALL STREET JOURNAL: Der Kaiser lädt ein
29.08.2014| THE WALL STREET JOURNAL : Camp Beckenbauer: Der Kaiser lädt auf den Sport-Olymp

JP4: Task Force
29.08.2014 | JP4: Marcus Höfl: “Wir wollen Task Forces gründen”

General Anzeiger: Die Stadt, in der das Runde nicht ins Eckige muss
11.09.2014| General Anzeiger Bonn : Die Baskets als Wirtschaftsfaktor

HORIZONT: Roundtable
21.08.2014| HORIZONT: Aus Sponsoren werden Partner

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Focus Online: FIFA 19 als eSports
09.11.2018 | Focus Online: Wie der Profi-Fußball die Gaming-Szene erobert

The eSports Observer: Fortnite - A Gamechanger in eSports?
28.09.2018 | The eSports Observer: Fortnite - A Gamechanger in eSports?

Focus Online: Fortnite - Gamechanger im eSports?
07.08.2018 | Focus Online: Wie die Gaming-Sensation die eSports-Szene aufmischen will

ARD Morgen Magazin: ESL zum fünften Mal in Köln
09.07.2018 | ARD Morgen Magazin: Counter Strike-WM

kicker Sportmagazin: Erfolg auf Knopfdruck?
09.07.2018 | kicker Sportmagazin: Strategische Ansätze von Fußball-Clubs im eSport

Tagesschau: Milliardengeschäft Bildschirmsport
07.07.2018 | Tagesschau: Die ESL One in Köln

Schwarzwälder Bote: Zocken für die Bundesliga
07.07.2018 | Schwarzwälder Bote: Zocken für die Bundesliga

Saarbrücker Zeitung: Großer Sport auf kleinem Bildschirm
06.07.2018 | Saarbrücker Zeitung: Das Geschäft mit professionellen Computerspielern 

Mittelbayerische Zeitung: Traumjob Zocken
05.07.2018 | Mittelbayerische Zeitung: Zocken für die Bundesliga

Absatzwirtschaft: Chancen des virtuellen Sports
09.05.2018 | Absatzwirtschaft: Kann eSport olympisch werden?

Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung: Spielen fürs tägliche Brot
06.05.2018 | FAZ: Karrierechancen für eSportler

SPONSORs: China-Studie
27.02.2018 | SPONSORs: Vom eSport- zum Fußball-Fan

Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung: eSports - gut für Herz und Hirn
04.01.2018 | FAZ: eSports - gut für Herz und Hirn

Manager Magazin: eSports ein lohnendes Investment für Unternehmen
12.10.2017 | Manager Magazin: Warum Gaming-Tuniere ein gutes Investment für Unternehmen sind

ZDF: SPORTreportage Extra: eSports
03.09.2017 | ZDF: E-Sport - vom Kinderzimmer in die Profiligen

The eSports Observer: eSports & Sports
28.08.2017 | The eSports Observer: Should eSports and sports Co-Forge an industry?

Grenzecho: eSports & Fußball - Chancen und Risiken
23.08.2017 | Grenzecho: "Das muss von vorne bis hinten gut durchdacht sein"

Die Welt: Milliardenbusiness eSports
22.08.2017 | Die Welt: Virtuelle Welt wird zur realen Goldgrube

SPONSORs: Fußball und eSport
14.07.2017 | SPONSORs: Fußball und eSport: Voneinander lernen

The eSports Observer: Athlete Education Is Becoming Crucial
13.06.2017 | The eSports Observer: How Professional Athlete Education Is Becoming Crucial for Esports

Focus Online: Virtueller Fußball auf dem Vormarsch
05.05.2017 | Was eSports vom Fußball noch lernen kann

ClickOn: Why Are Football Clubs Investing In eSports?
March 2017 | The Gold Rush: Why Are Football Clubs Investing In eSports?

Welt am Sonntag: Digitaler Zauber
27.11.2016 | Welt am Sonntag: Fußball-Clubs drängen auf den eSport-Markt

ARD: Shootingstar eSport
12.11.2016 | ARD: eSport - Vom Schmuddelkind zum Shootingstar

Focus Online: eGaming startet durch
10.11.2016 | Focus Online: eGaming startet durch

Making Games: Zukunft des eSports
06/2016 | Making Games: Die Zukunft des eSports hat bereits begonnen

WDR: World of Games
15.08.16 | WDR Fernsehen: Der Aufstieg des eSports

Focus Online: Ein genialer Schachzug?
30.5.2016 | FOCUS Online: Schalke 04 investiert in eSports

Palais Biron: E-Gaming - Chance und Herausforderung
Winter 2016 | Palais Biron Nr. 22: E-Gaming als Chance und Herausforderung

I-Future Magazin: Die neue Chance
02/2016 | i-future Magazin: E-Gaming hat längst die Nische verlassen

Aachener Zeitung: Superstars der virtuellen Welten
14.09.2015 | Aachener Zeitung: Die Superstars der virtuellen Welten

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Ruhr Nachrichten: No-Shows
26.02.2019 | Ruhr Nachrichten: No-Show-Handeln der Gesellschaft

Frankfurter Rundschau: Opfer ihres eigenen Erfolgs
16.02.2019 | Frankfurter Rundschau: No-Shows in der Bundesliga

Focus Online: No-Show Problematik
19.10.2018 | Focus Online: Was hinter dem Problem der deutschen Vereine steckt

SPONSORs: Dauerkarten in der Bundesliga
07.09.2018 | SPONSORs: Bundesligisten, überdenkt Euer Dauerkarten-Modell!

Stadionwelt: Dauerkarten im Fokus
16.08.2018 | Stadionwelt: "Die radikalste Lösung wäre, Dauerkarten abzuschaffen"

Sportbild: Die Wahrheit über die leeren Plätze
09/2018 | Sportbild: Die Wahrheit über die leeren Plätze

Focus Online: Dauerkarten-Problematik
26.08.2016 | FOCUS Online: Bundesliga-Clubs haben Problem mit Dauerkartenkunden

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CSM in the media

All media contributions and regular columns at a glance

Media outlets of all kinds regularly ask the Center for Sports and Management and Professor Schmidt for their opinion and assessment of certain topics related to the sports business. Also, Professor Schmidt regularly writes guest contributions in national and international quality media. Have a look at our past contributions or get in touch if you are in need of an interview partner or expert for sports business topics!

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SPOAC - Sports Business Academy by WHU

You want a career
in the sports business?

With the part-time degree and non-degree programs SPOAC offers a range of development opportunities for professionals from the sports business industry: 
From subject-specific three-day "Excellence Programs" to the one-year "General Management Program in Sports Business" to the two-year WHU Part-Time MBA Sports Business Track.

LEARN MORE

SPOAC - Sports Business Academy by WHU

You want a career
in the sports business?

With the part-time degree and non-degree programs SPOAC offers a range of development opportunities for professionals from the sports business industry: 
From subject-specific three-day "Excellence Programs" to the one-year "General Management Program in Sports Business" to the two-year WHU Part-Time MBA Sports Business Track.

LEARN MORE

Like to know more about SPOAC? –
Watch our video!

Projects

Topics around the future of sports –
What we are working on.

The "future of sports" is a central research topic at the Center for Sports and Management. On the following pages, we're presenting various topics keeping us busy at the moment. 

In China there has been a gold rush atmosphere for some time. The Chinese government is pursuing the ambitious plan to make its country a world power in football by 2050. By 2030, the first World Cup should take place in China, where Football is already the number two sport. The CSM is therefore intensively involved with the Chinese football market, including the launch of a study: "Dancing with the Dragon: The Quest for the Chinese Football Consumer".

Find out more

Nothing can stop the digital transformation, not even professional football. The typical professional club, as the germination cell of professional football, will be exposed to a diverse range of changes by the year 2025. The "Home of Professional Football" defines those fields of responsibilities in which clubs should be subdivided in the future.

Find out more

What exactly is this trend which has become increasingly popular for the last three years? eSports is the competitive playing of computer games which is followed by spectators via internet or live events around the globe. In 2012, this community of e-sports enthusiasts counted 58 million people. 2014 this number increased to 89 million, while for 2017 145 million, without considering occasional users, are predicted.

Find out more

As a leading business school, WHU has attracted numerous companies to campus for recruitment purposes, and our dedicated Career Center manages around 160 company connections. Our career services go beyond recruitment, however, with company presentations and workshops, three recruiting fairs every year, an internal job database, and one-to-one help with CVs or interviews.

Find out more

The venue for mega sports-events, such as the Olympic Games, is discussed intensively not only in the media. Within this debate, opportunities and risks for the host country are assessed ambivalently. An analysis of different perspectives is provided by the study "To host or not to host the Olympics - A transnational perspective" conducted by the CAMP BECKENBAUER competence team of the WHU.

Find out more

At WHU, but also in cooperation with the Harvard Business School (HBS), Prof. Sascha L. Schmidt, Head of the Center for Sports and Management (CSM), has published numerous case studies. Among other things, the cases deal with the expansion of FC Bayern Munich to Asia or the engagement of FC Schalke 04 in eSports.

Find out more

Partners

Our partners –
Working together toward a common goal.

Strong partnerships are the basis for all of our activities at the Center for Sports and Management. Learn more about our most important partners:

The Dietmar Hopp Stiftung (Dietmar Hopp Foundation) was founded in 1995 in order to support the implementation of non-profit, charitable projects. The foundation's assets consist mainly of SAP shares contributed by Dietmar Hopp from his private property. Since it was founded, the Dietmar Hopp Stiftung, as one of the largest private foundations in Europe, has distributed some 600 million euros (as of September 2017). The main activities focus on the Rhine-Neckar metropolitan region, to which Dietmar Hopp feels very connected. Upon application, the foundation may support projects of non-profit-organisations in the fields of youth sports, medicine, social affairs and education, in the Rhine-Neckar region only. In addition, the Dietmar Hopp Stiftung implements its purposes by charitable projects of its own. The so far biggest project encourages under the slogan "alla hopp!" all generations to engage in more physical exercise. This is why the foundation built and donated facilities for exercise to 19 towns and municipalities in the region for a total value of 45 million Euros. The Dietmar Hopp Stiftung is member of the Bundesverband Deutsher Stiftungen e.V. (Association of German Foundations), of the Verein Zukunft Metropolregion Rhein-Neckar e.V. (Association of the Rhine-Neckar region) and of the Sportregion Rhein-Neckar e.V. (Association of the sports region).

Since it was founded in 1967, Deutsche Sporthilfe has been a pioneer in the field of sports promotion and the first institution worldwide to bring together companies and athletes for mutual benefit. Today, this civic initiative is regarded as the most successful independent sports promotion institution in Europe. Sporthilfe provides material, non-material and social support to sportsmen and sportswomen who are preparing, performing or have performed for top sporting performances and who, through their appearance and willingness to perform, stand nationally and internationally as role models for the Federal Republic of Germany and its society beyond sport.

SPONSORs is the leading German-speaking information processor and provider in the sports business. Since its founding in 1996, SPONSORs has been open to all market participants as a service provider and, in addition to providing a unique, comprehensive range of information, also provides the leading platforms on which market participants can interact. The portfolio ranges from media preparation (print, online, TV) to congresses and corporate events.

Research & Teaching

Research and teaching –
Find out more about our scientific work.

At the Center for Sports and Management, we examine the social and economic effects of sports. We argue economically, think beyond disciplines and act out of passion. In research, we want to break new ground and make teaching practice-oriented. In doing so, we orient ourselves to international quality standards. Find out more about our commitment to research and teaching.

Research

We focus on the development of a scientifically based set of methods for empirically recording and evaluating the economic effects and the so-called "return to society" of sport.

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Teaching

We provide our students with the newest research, a sound methodological basis, and the opportunity to apply their skills to tackle the most striking challenges of the sports industry.

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Scientific publications

Our publications –
A selection of scientific articles and cases.

The Center for Sports and Management (CSM) regularly publishes scientific work. If you are interested in one of the publications, please contact us.

Professional football is a globalized game in which players are the most valuable assets for clubs. In this study, we explore the evolution of the football players’ transfer network among 21 European first leagues between the seasons 1996/1997 and 2015/2016. From a topological point of view, we show that this network achieved an upper limit expansion around season 2007/2008, thereafter becoming more connected and dense. Using a machine learning approach based on Self-Organizing Maps and Principal Component Analysis we confirm that European competitions, such as the UEFA Champions League or UEFA Europa League, are indeed a “money game” where the clubs with the highest transfer spending achieve better sportive performance. Some clubs’ transfer market activities also affect domestic performance. We conclude from our findings that the relationship between transfer spending and domestic or international sportive performance might lead to substantial inequality between clubs and leagues, while potentially creating a virtuous (vicious) circle in which these variables reinforce (weaken) each other.

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Public referenda have recently put an end to the ambitions of several cities to host the Olympic Games. The outcome of referenda depends on two major decisions: a content decision whether to support hosting the Olympics and a turnout decision whether or not to cast a vote. Unlike the content decision, the turnout decision has received little attention in sports economics, even though it can distort the outcome of a referendum, lead to a misrepresentation of minorities, and reduce the acceptance of referendum results. We therefore examine the determinants of turnout at Olympic referenda using a population-representative data set from 12 democratic countries. Our findings suggest a nonlinear and robust relationship between individual support and voter turnout.

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In this article, we aim to contribute to the ever-growing economic literature on the determinants of football stadium attendance by exploring the increasingly important yet underresearched phenomenon of spectator no-show behavior. More specifically, we analyze a panel data set containing unique information on no-show behavior observed in the stadiums of 25 Bundesliga and Bundesliga 2 clubs. Our results suggest that no-show behavior is primarily shaped by explanatory factors related to a football games’ quality aspects (e.g., an appearance by superstars, an away team rich in tradition, and geographical derbies). Interestingly, these effects seem to significantly differ across Bundesliga and Bundesliga 2.

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Season ticket holders (STHs) are an integral part of the sporting product. Interestingly, and contrary to the persistent interest in analysing the determinants of stadium attendances, sports economists have so far largely refrained from exploring the potential determinants of STH loyalty as expressed through regular stadium attendances. In this article, we address this notable shortcoming by exploring the potential determinants of STH stadium attendance demand. In particular, we examine the yet under-researched role of increasing opportunity costs resulting from larger home-stadium distances in STH stadium attendance demand. Our results suggest that STHs’ geographical location plays an important role in predicting STH stadium attendance demand. More specifically, we observe an unexpected, nonlinear distance–attendance relationship, indicating that behaviourally loyal STHs live either exceptionally close or far away from the stadium.

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This article adopts a comprehensive 2-step approach to dissolve recent confusion regarding the role of game outcome uncertainty in the TV demand for international team sports. Analyzing the German TV demand for 457 international football games broadcasted during 6 Fédération Internationale de Football Association World Cups and 5 Union des Associations Européennes de Football European Championships and 287 international games played by the Germany national football team, this study reveals that solely the demand for friendly games is affected by increasing uncertainty regarding the expected game outcomes.

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Much of the research on how human capabilities contribute to labour market success focuses on traditional human capital predictors. However, researchers are becoming increasingly aware of the important role of personality traits in determining individual labour market outcomes, both positive and negative. Using data from young professional football players in Germany, this study investigates the relationship between individual personality traits and cognitive abilities on career success. Our results suggest that individuals who score low on the tendency to be principled but high on cognitive processing speed are significantly more likely to enjoy career success through job promotion.

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Public referenda have gained momentum as a democratic tool to legitimize public mega projects such as hosting the Olympic Games. Interest groups in favour of hosting the Olympics therefore try to influence voters through public campaigns that primarily focus on economic benefits. However, recent studies find no or hardly any economic impact of hosting the Olympics, instead providing evidence for a positive social impact. This raises the question whether citizens consider economic or social factors when deciding on hosting the Olympics. Based on representative survey data from 12 countries, our results suggest that economic factors can influence voting behaviour, although the influence of social factors is stronger.

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To explore the attitudes towards risky career choices of young people in highly competitive environments, we surveyed almost 1000 football players in the youth academies of German professional clubs (Bundesliga), who must generally decide early in their careers whether or not to risk quitting school to focus solely on a professional football career. Based on the survey responses, we empirically analysed which factors influence these youths’ tendencies to choose a high-risk career option over a lower risk one. Our results seem to indicate that such risk taking in competitive environments can be explained by potential benefits expected from this decision, as well as judgments about the likelihood of achieving the desired career. Risk attitudes towards career choices vary by differences in individuals’ estimates of the potential benefits and in particular, in their own assessments of the likelihood of success, which is an important driver of risk acceptance. We also found that opportunity cost considerations influence risk acceptance: the better the low-risk option, the less willing the individual to give it up for a high-risk alternative. In addition, both national origin and level of cultural integration play a role in attitudes towards risky career choices, with reductions in the latter increasing the risk premium of quitting school.

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Despite its prominence in the economic literature, our knowledge regarding the role of game outcome uncertainty (GOU) in spectator decision‐making is fairly limited. Even worse, studies testing the uncertainty of outcome hypothesis (UOH) by exploring TV demand for European football have further intensified the original ambiguity. In this paper, we revisit the role of GOU in spectator decision‐making by testing the UOH with regard to two different sporting products: (1) domestic league and (2) knockout tournament games. Analyzing TV demand for almost 1,500 German football games, we find support for the UOH in league, though not in knockout tournament games.

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This study looks at careers in professional soccer to investigate the determinants of human capital (HC) specificity. Inspired by labour market research, we formulate three hypotheses on how uncertainty about the usefulness of individuals’ (more productive) specific skills affects their investment in (more flexible) general skills. The empirical analysis is based on unique panel data on school grades, soccer evaluations, and sociodemographic characteristics of 90 elite players from the youth academy of a German Bundesliga club. We find that senior and long-serving players, who are comparably certain that their (soccer) specific capital will be sufficient to pursue a lucrative professional career, invest less in general HC at school. Expected soccer performance, in contrast, has a counterintuitive positive effect. Our results expand knowledge on the factors influencing HC specificity from the macro to the subject level and highlight practical implications for institutions that train gifted individuals.

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Despite the increasing internationalization of marketing activities by professional sporting clubs, previous research exploring the role of game outcome uncertainty (GOU) in spectator demand has been exclusively conducted within national contexts. As a consequence, very little is known about the preferences of international television (TV) spectators watching games from abroad. Hence, this study analyzes all 571 English Premier League (EPL) games broadcast in Germany between the seasons 2011-2012 and 2015-2016 in order to explore whether TV demand for transnational football games is affected by GOU. In line with the prominent uncertainty of outcome hypothesis, the results of this analysis reveal a significant and positive relation between German EPL demand and GOU. This result, however, is not consistent for male and female spectators.

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In this study we investigate the important but rather ambiguous role of game outcome uncertainty (GOU) in consumers’ demand for professional sports. Specifically, using a unique and strongly balanced panel data set containing information on individual physical attendance from 13,892 season ticket holders (STHs) of a German professional football club, we find evidence for a positive effect of GOU on two differing spectator decisions – both the decision to physically attend a game in the stadium and the decision on what time to enter the stadium, an aspect which has so far been neglected in the literature. Moreover, GOU seems to play an especially important role in the decision-making of one particular group: STHs with comparatively high coordination costs.

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Although identification is critical to organizational survival, knowledge on how identification changes and evolves over time is still limited. Not only can tastes and choices vary across both social context and time, but individuals can change or choose their identity, as well as their ideals, group loyalty and/or social category. Hence, in this letter, we examine the relation between organizational identification and age using five large sports consumer surveys as a snapshot of the age distribution of team identification. Our results provide evidence of robust U-shaped age profiles, with a probable turning point in the 40s.

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The purpose of this paper is to explore the future of professional soccer by 2025. Scientific foresight studies on this industry do not yet exist despite its current position at a crossroads: toward further exploitation of profit potential? Or clear commitment to the traditional European Model of Sport?

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This paper examines the effect of superstars on external stakeholders’ organizational identification through the lens of sport. Drawing on social identity theory and the concept of organizational identification, as well as on role model theories and superstar economics, several hypotheses are developed regarding the influence of soccer stars on their fans’ degree of team identification. Using a proprietary data set that combines archival data on professional German soccer players and clubs with survey data on more than 1,400 soccer fans, this study finds evidence for a positive effect of superstar characteristics and role model perception. Moreover, it is found that players who qualify for the definition of a superstar are more important to fans of established teams than to fans of unsuccessful teams. The player's club tenure, however, seems to have no influence on fans’ team identification. It is further argued that the effect of soccer stars on their fans is comparable to that of executives on external stakeholders, and hence, the results are applied to the business domain. The results of this study contribute to existing research by extending the list of personnel‐related determinants of organizational identification.

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The purpose of this paper is to examine the effect of superstars (and other factors) on football fans’ attraction to competition (i.e. disloyal behavior).

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This article explores the pay‐performance relationship using a sports data set. The strength of analyzing such data is that sports tournaments take place in a very controlled environment that helps to isolate a relative income effect.

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Am Beispiel des Untergangs der Lusitania und der Titanic wird analysiert, ob und in welchem Maße finanzielle und physische Macht sowie soziale Normen über Leben und Tod entscheiden. In einem quasi-natürlichen Experiment werden multivariate Probit-Schätzungen von öffentlich verfügbaren Sekundärdaten der Schiffsuntergänge durchgeführt. Die Analyse kommt zum Ergebnis, dass es im Wesentlichen von der Zeitspanne zwischen der Beschädigung des Schiffes und seinem Untergang abhängt, welche Rolle physische Stärke, gesellschaftlicher Status oder soziale Normen in lebensbedrohenden Situationen spielen. In zeitlich eng begrenzten Extremsituationen verdrängen Angst und Stress wertbezogenes, rationales Handeln. Es kommt zu einem rücksichtslosen Kampf ums eigene Überleben. Bleibt jedoch in Empfinden und Wahrnehmung der Betroffenen ein größerer Zeitraum bis zum endgültigen Versinken des Schiffes, bestimmen in stärkerem Maße soziale und ethische Werte das Verhalten der Menschen.

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In this reply we show that the Nüesch (2009) comment paper to our initial contribution (Torgler and Schmidt 2007) has several shortcomings. He suggests that professional soccer wages seem to buy talent rather than motivation. We therefore provide a larger set of talent proxies and estimations to check whether this assertion is correct. Our results indicate that his conclusion is problematic. We still observe a strong motivational effect, and in some cases the effect is even larger than the talent effect. A further key problem in Nüesch’s contribution is the fact that he neglects to consider the relevance of the relative salary situation.

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Relative Einkommensunterschiede lösen innerhalb einer Referenzgruppe oftmals Neid aus und beeinflussen damit die individuelle Leistungsbereitschaft. In der ökonomischen Forschung ist bislang dieser Zusammenhang wenig untersucht worden. Unser Beitrag analysiert den Einfluss von relativen Einkommensunterschieden auf die Leistung von Fußballprofis der deutschen Bundesliga. Insgesamt werden 1040 Spieler über einen Zeitraum von 8 Spielzeiten zwischen 1995 und 2004 untersucht. Relative Einkommensunterschiede zwischen Mannschaftskollegen erweisen sich als entscheidender Einfluss auf die individuelle Leistung der Spieler. Eine Verschlechterung in der relativen Einkommensposition vermindert ceteris paribus die individuelle Leistungsbereitschaft. Eine höhere Einkommensungleichheit verstärkt solche positionsbedingten Externalitäten.

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The authors analyze the effectiveness of consulting courses in raising the self-efficacy of participants to cope with the kinds of tasks typically faced by entry-level management consultants. Using data from self-evaluation questionnaires completed by 130 students in three types of consulting courses, the authors find that these courses are significantly more effective than a nonconsulting course used for control purposes. Prior research has shown self-efficacy to be positively related to task performance and to other desirable outcome measures. Therefore, academic institutions can make an important contribution to preparing their graduates for their later roles as managers and consultants by raising self-efficacy through course offerings in relevant areas.

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